Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland in the neck that helps regulate the metabolism of the body by assisting in transfer of the thyroid hormone throughout the body. Since it affects the body metabolism; which is the process by which cells convert nutrients into energy, it regulates the body temperature, brain function and heart rate.
Thus, thyroid is a tiny but pivotal organ in the body. And so, complete knowledge about it is indispensable. Now, we have often heard about this useful organ resulting in health complications among people; but the problems caused by a dysfunctional thyroid can be of two types, as discussed below:
Hyperthyroidism: This condition occurs when an overactive thyroid gland produces thyroid hormone in excess and results in over-speeding of body metabolism.
Some symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:
- Rapid heart rate
- Anxiety and irritability
- Diarrhea or frequent bowel movement
- Increased appetite
- Sudden weight loss
- Excessive perspiration
Hypothyroidism: This condition is the other side of the coin. An under-active thyroid gland is unable to produce sufficient level of thyroid hormone. It results in slowing down body metabolism and is a common ailment occurring with age. Some symptoms of hypothyroidism include:
- Dry skin
- Muscle pain
- Muscle pain
Symptoms of thyroid ailments are slow to develop, non-specific and common with many other ailments. And so, they are often wrongly diagnosed or simply identified too late.Also, since the complications often occur at a mature age, they are often attributed to old age.
Hence, the very first step towards answering how to control thyroid problems is to be up-to-date with tests related to it. We at Dr. Lal PathLabs provide you with the best facilities for the same. Click below to access our tests:
Now, once your check-up is done and taken care of, the next step is damage control or maintaining status quo. The treatment for thyroid problems are aplenty.In case of overactive gland, hyperthyroidism, therapies, surgery or other medical treatments are the various options. Regular blood tests follow treatments to ensure balanced hormone levels.
However, since all thyroid related problems are rooted in deficiencies, they can be tackled through certain dietary changes also. Thyroid complications are often rooted in a deficiency of iodine and hence, improving your diet to make it richer in this nutrient will work to control it.
Thyroid ailments are one of the most under-diagnosed cases. Ensure to stay on top of it by getting checked in time. Any symptoms, even if if mild should be followed up with a precautionary test.