Cancer Awareness & Prevention
Cancer affects everyone in different ways, each one of us have the power to take various actions to reduce the impact that cancer has on individuals, families and communities.
World Cancer Day is a chance to reflect on what we can do, make a pledge and take action. Whatever you choose to do ‘We can. I can.’ make a difference to the fight against cancer. #PledeAgainstCancer and aims to save millions of preventable deaths each year by raising awareness and education about the disease.
What is Cancer?
Cancer is characterized when the abnormal cells divide in an uncontrolled way. It can start at any place in the body. The human body is made up of trillion of cells. Normally, these cells grow and divide when the body needs them. When cancer develops, these cells then divide abnormally, without stopping and form growths called Tumor. Some cancers, like Leukemia do not form tumors. It is very important to know what is cancer and how does it start. Cancer starts with changes in one cell or a small group of cells. Our body maintains right number of each type of cells because cells produce signals to control the division of cells. If any of these signals are missed, cells may start to grow and multiply too much and form a lump known as Tumor.
What is Lung Cancer?
Lung cancer, as the name suggests, is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs. It’s the second leading type of cancer known to affect men and women across the globe. Lung cancer is also claimed as one of the leading causes of deaths. Statistics confirm that one of every four cancer-related deaths is due to lung cancer condition. The risk of developing lung cancer amid people who smoke or work in chemical exposed conditions increases with the passage of time and reduces their length of life to a significant level.
In India, 1.45 Lac new cases and more than 70,000 deaths for breast cancer were reported in 2012. 1 in 28 women is more likely to have breast cancer in her lifetime, overall. Urban areas see increased rates of 1 in 22 women, while in rural areas, this number drops to 1 in 60 women.
50% of all women who are diagnosed with breast cancer are diagnosed too late and die from breast cancer. Several factors lead to a late diagnosis, including primarily a lack of awareness of symptoms of breast cancer or even the fatality of breast cancer.
Certain risk factors increase chances of breast cancer, and can develop before observable symptoms.
Cervical Cancer is one of the most common types of cancer found among women all over the world. Since it develops over a prolonged period of time, it is also one of the most avertible cancers, if detected timely. It originates in the cervix – lowermost part of the uterus, where it connects with the vaginal wall. Cervical Cancer symptoms are typically not visible until the cancerous cells start invading the surrounding tissues.
Majority of the cervical cancers are caused by a specific type of virus called Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). Some definitive strains of HPV cause normal cervical cells to become abnormal, and even cancerous, over a period of time. HPV can be transmitted sexually. It is noticed that most adult women have been infected with HPV at some time or the other. In most cases, the infection goes on its own. But sometimes HPV can lead to cancer of the cervix.”